Pay attention to the passive voice:
“Our society is broken, pretty much, but there will be a time when these times will be made right.”
“…these times will be made right” said the principal of Goose Creek High School in Charleston, South Carolina.
“…these times will be made right” he said just days after Dylann Roof stormed into Mother Emmanuel AME Church and shot 9 parishioners gathered for bible study. One of the nine victims was the track coach at Goose Creek High School.
“…these times will be made right.”
Which is to say, despite the brokenness we can see everywhere an unseen agency is at work, making right. Or as Paul would say, rectifying.
Only four days after Dylann Roof stormed into Emmanuel AME and left six black women and 3 black men in a bloody pile in the church basement, the leaders of the congregation concluded the only way to press forward was for them to go back to exactly what they’d done before, to do the Sunday after that shooting what they had done the Sunday previous.
Worship the Lord Jesus Christ.
Proclaim the Gospel. The Gospel which Paul says is the rectifying power of God unleashed in our world (1.16-17).
Preaching that Sunday at Mother Emmanuel AME Church, Reverend Norvel Goff, an elder in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, proclaimed: “through our proclamation of the Gospel on this day a message will be sent to Satan.”
Note the passive voice again: “through our proclamation…a message will be sent.”
The worshippers at Emmanuel Church were not the ones sending the message.
Later in his sermon, his voice roaring, Reverend Goff added: “Something wants to divide us- black and brown and white- but no weapon formed against us shall prosper.”
Notice- he didn’t say Dylann Roof wanted to divide us. He didn’t say racists and bigots want to divide us. Something wants to divide us– there’s another agency at work in the world.
Speaking of that other agency, that same Sunday, outside the church, the Reverend Brandon Bowers, who is white and the pastor of Awaken Church, said: “What the Enemy intended for evil, God is using- God is using us- for good.”
He said Enemy with a capital E- even the NY Times caught it.
And he did not say we’re using this for good.
Pay attention to the passive: “God is using us for good.”
We’re being used by God for good.
The service at Mother Emmanuel AME Church began with a hymn: “You are the Source of my strength, you are the strength of my life.”
Meanwhile, while they sang at Emmanuel AME, the family of 21 year old Dylann Roof worshipped at St. Paul’s Lutheran Church in Columbia, South Carolina.
The pastor of St. Paul’s read the names of the victims and the congregation prayed for them and their families. The victimizer’s family prayed for the victims and their families.
About the victimizer’s family, the pastor of St. Paul told his congregation later: “They are shattered but through their faith they are being made strong.”
“…they are being made strong.”
“…these times will be made by right.”
Pay attention to the passive:
“I appeal to you therefore, brothers and sisters, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice…Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your minds…
Let love be genuine; hate what is evil, hold fast to what is good; love one another with mutual affection…Do not lag in zeal, be ardent in spirit…Rejoice in hope, be patient in suffering, persevere in prayer…
Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse them…do not be haughty…do not claim to be wiser than you are. Do not repay anyone evil for evil…if your enemies are hungry, feed them; if they are thirsty, give them something to drink…overcome evil with good.”
“I appeal to you therefore…by the mercies of God…do not be conformed… but be transformed by the renewing of your minds.”
If you don’t understand what the therefore is there for, not only do you miss Paul’s point here you mishear this passage as bad news instead of good, as burdensome rather than freeing.
Because, let’s face it-
Genuine, 100% of the time, love
Patience in suffering
Perseverance in prayer
Feeding your enemies
I’ve been here coming on my 13th year and I don’t know any of you who score better than a D on this long list of attributes of what transformation looks like. I’d bet the house that behind closed doors Pope Francis doesn’t do better than a B-.
I mean, half of you can’t even get along on Facebook, let alone blessing those who curse you. This is DC- a lot of you make your livelihood claiming to be wiser than you really are.
“Do not be haughty?” So long as Donald Trump is in office that’s an impossible command for some of you.
Assuming it’s a command, that is.
If you don’t know what the therefore is there for, you’ll mishear this passage.
You won’t hear it as Gospel. You’ll hear it- if you’re honest enough to admit it- as a guilt trip. You’ll hear it as a To Do list of musts and shoulds, as a prescription of what we have to do.
Without the therefore there, you’ll hear Paul saying: A real transformed Christian looks like this…a genuine Christian must do this…must love enemies, must bless those who curse them, must be patient in suffering and ardent about their faith.
That’s what the therefore is there for.
The therefore signals that what comes next depends upon what came before.
The therefore signals that what proceeds is possible only because of what preceded.
The therefore signals that what follows is a part of everything prior.
Or, in other words, chapter 12 comes after chapter 11.
Chapter 12 comes after chapter 8 and chapter 6 and chapter 5 and 3 and 1.
The therefore is there for you to remember that what comes next here in chapter 12 continues and concludes what has come before.
Just before this, the verse that sets up this therefore- it’s a doxology. It’s a song of praise, thanking God for the work of God to save all of God’s creation (11.33-36).
And before that, Paul has said that even the disbelief of some is a part of God’s work to show mercy to all. Before that, Paul has said that the all-ness of God’s saving work includes not just creatures like you and me but all of creation.
All of creation because all of creation, Paul has said before, is in captivity to the Power of Sin with a capital S. A Power that, just before, Paul made synonymous with the Power of Death with a capital D.
A Power, Paul said before that, whose power we are all under such that not one of us can free ourselves. We have no power against this Power. We’re prisoners, Paul has said before.
Which gets back to what Paul said just before that, at the very beginning of his argument (and remember, it is all one, long argument). In his thesis statement at the beginning, before the therefore and everything else, Paul announced that his letter is about what God is doing:
“For I am not ashamed of the Gospel, for in it the rectifying power of God is invading [the world].”
You can only invade territory held by an Enemy.
The Gospel is the Power of God to take God’s world back from the Enemy who binds it. The Gospel, Paul has said, is the means by which God takes God’s world back from the One who holds it captive.
Pay attention to the present tense.
The Gospel isn’t about what God did.
The Gospel is what God does.
Everything that has come before the therefore has been about God’s doing.
You didn’t invite Jesus into your heart. God has poured God’s love into your heart through the Holy Spirit, Paul has said.
You didn’t journey to God. God has transferred you from the dominion of Sin into the dominion of grace.
You didn’t decide to become a new you. God killed off your old self- you have died with Christ- and now you are in Christ.
You didn’t sign up to serve God. God has set you free from slavery to Sin and Death and made you instead a slave of righteousness.
It’s all been about what God does.
So, why should we suppose that when he gets to this point in his letter Paul is suddenly talking about us, about what we do?
What the therefore is there for is to remind you that what comes next describes what God is doing not what we do.
It’s proclamation not exhortation.
It’s indicative not imperative.
The therefore is there so you don’t mistake this as a prescription of what we must do: We must be genuine in love. We must be patient in suffering. We must be zealous for God all the time. We must bless those who curse us and love our enemies.
If there’s a must or a should or a have-to in your sentences, you’re not speaking Gospel.
The therefore is there for you to know this is not a prescription of who you must be or what you must do. It’s a description of who Jesus Christ is and what God is doing.
Pay attention to the passive: “I appeal to you therefore…by the mercies of God…do not be conformed…but be transformed by the renewing of your minds.”
We’re not the ones doing the transforming.
The therefore is there for you to see that this transformation isn’t up to us. You’re not left to your lonesome to live up to impossible ideals. The point of this passage isn’t that you have to become a new you; it’s that you are being made new.
By the mercies of God, Paul says.
That’s not a throwaway religious cliche.
The word Paul uses there, dia, refers to the instrumentality of God, i.e, what Paul is saying: Only by the merciful activity of God upon you can you be conformed not to this world but transformed into conformity to Jesus Christ.
That’s different than Paul simply telling you to emulate and imitate Jesus. Jesus didn’t even have an easy time being Jesus; how could you possibly emulate and imitate him? No, Paul’s not exhorting you to imitate Jesus.
Paul’s already told you before, back in chapter 6, by faith and by baptism- by God- you NOW are in Jesus Christ. He doesn’t mean that as a metaphor.
You are in Jesus Christ.
And now- therefore- Paul is telling you, God is shaping you into Christ likeness.
Patience in suffering. Blessing those who curse you. Perseverance in prayer. Genuine love. This isn’t a To Do list or a Christian Code of Conduct. They’re not exhortations or expectations. They’re attributes of Christ.
He’s describing the mind of Christ.
The mind according to which God is at work to conform us.
“I appeal to you therefore…by the mercies of God…do not be conformed…but be transformed by the renewing of your minds.”
Pay attention to the language.
That word renewing- it’s anakainosis. It means literally “completely taken over.”
God is at work to transform you. To conform you to Christ.
To completely take over your mind with the mind of Christ.
What Paul says here is what Paul says to the Corinthians: “God made Jesus to be Sin who knew no sin (why?) so that (therefore) we might become the righteousness of God.”
What Paul says here is what Paul says to the Philippians: “…the God who began a good work in you will in the fullness of time bring it to completion.” Not, you now have to bring it to completion. God will bring it to completion.
What Paul says here is what Paul said at the very beginning of this letter:
The Gospel, what we announce in Word and Sacrament- it is the power of Almighty God to invade, to completely take over, until you are rectified, put right, according to the mind of Christ in whose image you are made.
And through you…the world.
“…these times will be made right.”
Pay attention to the passive.
Last May, Dennis and I attended Hedy’s graduation from Wesley Theological Seminary, held at the National Cathedral.
The pastor of Emmanuel AME Church in Charleston, killed by Dylann Roof, would’ve been in the graduating class.
They awarded his degree posthumously, and when it came time for Reverend Pinckney’s name to be read, they invited his wife Jennifer forward to receive his diploma and to speak.
She acknowledged that the ceremony was a bittersweet moment for her. She painted a picture of her husband asleep in his man cave, his coursework still on his lap. And then she confessed that she’d had no idea what to say to those gathered there in the cathedral.
She’d had no idea what to say.
‘But then,’ she said, ‘I was hit with the words to share.’
I was hit.
By God. By the Holy Spirit.
And what followed was plain and unremarkable, but it was powerful- more so than the sermon that had come before, a sermon that had been all exhortation, an exhausting litany of musts and shoulds.
But what Jennifer Pinkney from Emmanuel AME Church said was powerful not because of the pathos of the moment nor for the profundity of her words.
It was powerful because she had reminded us- testified to us- that God is real.
God is living.
At work: “…I was hit with what to say…”
You can’t become unflagging in your zeal by exerting more zeal.
You don’t persevere in prayer by practicing prayer.
Your love doesn’t become genuine through effort.
You don’t achieve patience in suffering by enduring it.
Blessing those who curse you doesn’t come about by you biting your tongue.
You can forgive 70 x 7 times but if it takes in your heart even 1 of those times it’s not your own doing.
You don’t walk in newness of life because you set out to do so.
You don’t become lovers of enemies by trying- neither will they cease to be your enemy because you’ve attempted to love them.
None of it is possible for you to do.
But all of it is possible for the Living God to do in you.
The therefore is there for you to remember that the Christian life is pointless if the God we serve is not a Living God.
The therefore is there for you to remember that Christianity is bigger than simply doing the things Jesus did because you can’t do any of the things Jesus did if God did not raise him from the dead to conform and transform you.
And sure that takes different kind of patience, sure that sounds messier and slower and more frustrating than if Paul just handed us a simple To Do List of Musts and Shoulds.
But our understanding of the Gospel, our understanding of what it means to be a Christian, should at least require that Jesus Christ is alive and at work in the world.
The Sunday after Dylann Roof shot nine at Emmanuel AME Church in Charleston members of Citadel Baptist Church, a white Southern Baptist Church with a long and complicated relationship with racism, walked the mere steps from their church to Emmanuel Church and they placed purple daises around the front of Emmanuel.
The Reverend David Walker, pastor of Citadel Baptist, explained the gesture thus.
Pay attention to the passive: “Something compelled us to do this…”
Christ is Risen indeed.