“You shall not steal. Certainly the most misunderstood of all the commandments. It has nothing to do with property and its so-called rights. What ‘You shall not steal’ refers to is stealing men. Taking away their freedom to enslave them.
It is curious irony that in the name of this commandment we have built up a whole theory of the sacredness of possessions, of objects.
A theory that has led to the wholesale enslavement of men- the very thing the commandment in fact denounces.
The slavery of men is, together with violence, the great characteristic of the idolatrous society.
And so the commandments go on to complete the picture of the society that worships the work of men’s hands, where justice is perverted (‘You shall not bear false witness’) and the weak are the victims of rapacity and covetousness.
The idolatrous society thus presents two faces: on the one hand it is a religious society with great respect for the traditional ways; it will be a society in which patriotism is highly valued and in which there is much concern for the country’s heritage. On the other hand, it will also be a society of institutionalized violence in which brutality and injustice is either hidden or given a mask of legality.
It is important to see that any society may become idolatrous in this way, that in fact every society betrays a built-in tendency to worship the work of men’s hands.
In any society men are liable to find their identity simply in what they themselves have achieved.
The rejection of this is the beginning of the discovery of Yahweh.”